devices for edible oil and
general food inspection
Tremendous advances in integrated electronics and sensors make it possible to design extremely
powerful in-line measurement systems that provide quasi real-time feedback in industrial
processes. Such systems are widely used in the food industry to monitor food quality.
Unfortunately, the retail-to-fork portion of the food chain has
become increasingly vulnerable to the insertion of fraudulent,
adulterated, misrepresented, and mislabeled food products.
In January 2016, Italian police confiscated 7,000 tons of olive
oil from North Africa that had been deodorized with chemicals and rebranded as more expensive Italian extra virgin
olive oil ( http://www.cbsnews.com/news/60-minutes-agro-
mafia-food-fraud/). And that is just olive oil. In a two-month
crackdown that occurred a year earlier, the International
Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) seized 2,500 tons of
fake or adulterated food and 275,000 liters of tainted drinks
from markets, airports, seaports, and shops in 47 countries.
Those confiscated products included cooking oil, fake
butter, cheese, meat, seafood, produce, bottled mineral
water, and alcohol. One plant in the United Kingdom was
caught making fraudulent brand-name vodka in antifreeze
containers and treating it to remove the chemical smell
In response to consumer concerns about food fraud and
the public’s growing interest in the freshness and nutritional
contents of the foods they eat, several competing hand-held
systems designed for quick and easy sampling and analysis of
food (such as the Food-Sniffer, the Scio, and the Telspec
systems, among others) have entered the consumer market.
The field of living assistance has provided an additional
incentive to develop food preparation or culinary assistance
systems, as the daily life activities of food preparation can
be challenging for many consumers due to restricted skills,
experience, and accident- or aging-induced degradation or
loss of perceptive abilities.